PREVIEW
page 4  (7 pages)
7to next section

THE WAR IN NEW ZEALAND. IN our late impression last week, we stated that, by the arrival of the ship Augustina at Penzance, papers from Launceston, of the 28th of February, had been received. Through the medium of Hobart Town, accounts have been received at Launceston from New Zealand, announcing the capture of the Pah occupied by the Chiefs Kawiti and Heki, on the 11th of January, after a cannonade which had breached it in several places. The loss sustained in the attack on our part was twelve killed and thirty wounded. The Governor Grey was present at the attack, and, after driving the aborigines out, he published a proclamation offering a general amnesty, which appears to have been accepted by all but Heki, who had burned another Pah, and had retreated into the bush with his tribe. The "New Zealander", of January 24, announces that the two insurgent Chiefs, Heki and Kawiti, had been so dispirited by the capture of their Pah, or intrenched village, on the 11th of January, that they had prevailed on Nene, who had acted against them in favour of the British Government, to proceed to Auckland, in order to intercede in their behalf. They threw themselves wholly on the mercy of the Governor, and expressed themselves ready to resign their lands, and allow him to dictate the terms on which peace and order should be restored. It was understood that Governor Grey would not confiscate their lands, and that a full pardon would be granted. According to the "New Zealander", Nene would return to the Bay of Islands, and peace would soon be permanently established in that district. The blockade would have been removed from the northern ports on the lst of February, and the customs re-established. Two hundred troops would remain there, with the "Racehorse" and "Osprey", men-of-war. We have been favoured by a Correspondent with the annexed Plan of Kawiti's Pah, and the operations of January 11. A. The Flag-staff, afterwards knocked down by a 32-pounder shot fired by Lieut.Bland, R.N. of H. M. S. Racehorse. B. 12-pounder gun taken at Kororarika, belonging to the boat of H. M. S. Hazard, after-wants disabled from a shot from E. C. 3-pounder gun taken at Kororarika, but was not brought into play. D. Kawiti's House. E. The Outer Stockade, consisting of one 18-pounder gun belonging to "North Star", one 12- pounder howitzer belonging to "Elphinstone", and two 24-pounder mortars—distance about 150 yards. F. The Inner Stockade, consisting of two 32-pounder medium gun belonging to "North Star", and two 24-pounder mortars—distance 300 yards. G. Stockade round Tomatie Walker's encampment. H. Breastwork in front of Military Encampment, and one 32-pounder medium gun belonging to "North Star", one howitzer and one light 6-pounder field-piece belonging to "Castor", one 24-pounder and one 12-pounder rocket tube belonging to "North Star"- distance 800 yards. I The Naval Encampment. K. The Military Encampment. L, That part of the wood where the heaviest fire was kept up by the Natives while retreating and endeavouring to carry off their killed and wounded. M. The largest Breach made, and by which the Naval and Military entered the Pah, N. The Warry, or that occupied by W. M. Pengelly and H. H. Garrett. O. The gate by which our forces got out of the Pah and were killed by the Rebels. P. Union Jack hoisted the day we knocked down Kawiti's flag. Q. Trenches dug about four feet deep. II. All round the Flag-staff they had Warry's and large holes dug under ground in which the used to retire directly we began to fire. S. Naval Mess Warry. PLAN OF KAWITI'S PAH, NEW ZEALAND. Annexed, too, are translations of Kawiti's Letters to the Governor and to Archdeacon H. Williams, in suing for peace. Rua-peka-peka, Sept. 24th, 1845. Friend Mr. Williams how do you do? I have a feeling of love towards you, you say peace must be made, and I agree to it, for I will not always disregard your word, and if peace is made with me it will be made with the land also. (Signed) KAWITI Rua-peka-peka, Sept. 24, 1845. Sir the Governor, how do you do? I am willing that peace should be made; many Europeans have been killed and many Natives also have been killed; you have said that I must be the first to begin peace making; now this is it, I now agree to it, this is all I have to say, it ends here.From me(Signed) KAWITI. From the Rua-peka-peka, November 29th, 1845. Sir Governor.—Salutations to you; formerly I was a good man to the Europeans, but the “Nagepuhi” (i.e. Waka) who are so eager to fight with me, they are the people who formerly killed Europeans. If this war were solely yours and the Natives bad not taken part in it with you our peace would have been made; but as for Natives fighting—perhaps it cannot be made straight because “Waka” is constantly naming his dead; you do not understand this. Waka fighting is not for your dead; No, it is for those who were killed long ago on account of Hao of “Tuohiu Tihi” and Pooka. These were killed long ago. Sir Governor, the thought is with you regarding Waka that be return to his own place to Hokianga. Do not be hasty about the land; land is heavy (enduring) but man is light (perishable). Friend, I have no desire to write to you, but you have ability to write if you are pleased with my letter. Sir, if you say that we shall fight it is well; if you say cease it is well, but do not say you will yield some portion of your thought. From me. From KAWITI. Rua-peka-peka, November 29th, 1845. Friend Governor,—Salutations to you; my respect for you is great; your letter reached me on Friday. This is your kindness which has come into my presence and I behold it; now hearken to my words to you. I am striving about (or for) my land; the Governor or Government is striving for my land that he may obtain it; perhaps your sentiments are the same. Sir Governor, you have said that peace may be made. Yes! peace may be made (or let peace be made) but I am not willing to give up that place the “Katore” which is demanded to be given up, because that place the “Katore” does not belong to me. The right is with the people of the “Kowa Kowa,” with Matin, with Hami; now you understand I will not give up that place. That is the whole of my saying on this subject. Here also is the word, Sir Governor. I will not quite say (distinctly) to you let peace be made; it is for you distinctly to make peace; will you write your letter that I may see your words? That is all mine (the whole of my letter), this is the end of mine to you. (Written on the back of the letter.) This is all my regard for you; do not suppose that there will be another ending; this is the ending, this is all my communication. From me. From KAWITI. Karetu, January 19th, 1846 Friend–O my esteemed friend the Governor,—I salute you, great is my regard for you; this is the end of our (yours and mine) converse which I give now to you. Friend Governor I say let peace be made between you and I, because I am filled (satisfied or have had enough) of your riches (cannon balls); therefore, I say, let you and I make peace; will you not? Yes! This is the termination of my war against you; friend, this was my object in going to “Karetu” to see Pomare to make peace with you. This is the end of mine to you. It is finished.To my esteemed friend To the Governor (Signed) KAWITI. Within eight days after the Pah was taken and burnt to the ground.