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THE NEW ZEALAND GOLD FIELD. THE New Zealand settlers were first led to search for gold in their country by an opinion of the Rev. W. B. Clarke, the Government mineralogist, in New South Wales, expressed in the Geological Report of that gentleman, on the Australian Gold Fields; and which was to the effect that a similar geological formation to that of the auriferous mountains of California, and of Bathurst, N. S. W., might be expected to exist in the principal mountain ranges, extending in a direction north and south in New Caledonia and New Zealand. About the month of June, 1852, some specimens of quartz from the vicinity of Wellington, Cook's Strait, were transmitted to Mr. Clarke, and were found by him to contain gold. In October, 1852, the passengers of a vessel bound from California to Port Phillip, and wrecked upon the Fegees, arrived in Auckland. A reward of about £1000 being at this time advertised at that settlement, by public subscription, for the discovery of an available gold field in the district; several of the Californian passengers commenced "prospecting" through the country. Mr. Charles King, who had formerly been a settler in Auckland, and more recently a digger in California, was attracted to the vicinity of Coromandel Harbour, on the eastern side of the Frith of the Thames, by the peculiar craggy and bold character of the mountain summits there, and by the report of the quantity of quartz which existed in the beds of the streams. Upon washing a few dishfulls of earth, Mr. King at once discovered gold; and a subsequent examination convinced him and his brother, also from California, that the deposit was extensively spread over the country. They at once, on the 18th of October, preferred their claim to the reward. The gold field they reported to be on the western side of the dividing ridge between the Frith of the Thames and the Bay of Plenty. The spot on which they first found it, was near the source of the Kapanga stream, flowing into Coromandel Harbour, and about forty miles by sea from Auckland. The gold-field was shortly afterwards visited by his Excellency Lieutenant-Governor Wynyard, and by a deputation of the Reward Committee: the latter reporting, on their return, that the gold actually existed in the bed of the Kapanga stream. Active measures were immediately taken by the Lieutenant-Governor to allay the excitement created in the minds of the local natives by the circumstance of the discovery of gold on their lands; and they were