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No. 327.—VoL. XIII.]FOR THE WEEK ENDING SATURDAY, JULY 22, 1848. EMIGRATION AND COLONISATION. WITH a rapidly increasing population — a trade augmenting at a slower ratio than the number of mouths to be fed — and with the prospect before us that other civilised nations, who cannot now compete with us in commerce or manufactures, will, at no distant period, be enabled to do so, the question of the subsistence of our people becomes of the utmost urgency. As a people, it may be truly said of us that we are pre-eminent among the nations of the earth. Our spirit rules the world. Our wisdom enters into the composition of the every-day life of half the globe. Our physical as well as intellectual presence is manifest in every climate under the sun. Our sailing ships and steam-vessels cover the seas and rivers. Wherever we conquer, we civilise and refine. Our arms, our arts, our literature are illustrious among the nations. We are a rich, a powerful, an intelligent, and a religious people. No place is too remote for our enterprise or our curiosity. We have an insatiable energy, which is of the utmost value to the world. We have spread ourselves over all regions. We have peopled North America, civilised India, taken possession of Australia, and scattered the Anglo-Saxon name and fame, language and literature, religion and laws, ideas and habits, over the fairest portions of the globe. Yet, with all this, we maintain in unproductive idleness no less a number than one million and a half of paupers. We hear the cry of distress raised at our