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NEW ZEALAND PARLIAMENTARY PORTRAITS. SIR JULIUS VOGEL, K.C.M.G., PRIME MINISTER OF NEW ZEALAND. WIREMU KATENE, MEMBER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. MAKENA, MEMBER OF THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL. KARAITIANA TAKAMOANA, MEMBER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. SIR JULIUS VOGEL, K.C.M.G. This distinguished colonial statesman has lately visited England for the purpose of negotiating several important affairs on behalf of the Government of New Zealand. He has succeeded here, within the last few months, first, in procuring a loan of four millions sterling, to be applied partly to the completion of the railways projected in almost every province of that colony, and partly to the encouragement and assistance of immigrants belonging to the labouring classes of Great Britain; secondly, in arranging with the Eastern Extension Telegraph Company, upon very easy terms, for their construction and maintenance of a submarine cable between New South Wales and New Zealand, to be worked at a moderate tariff, and for the ultimate reduction of the telegraph charges between London and Australia. He has further arranged for the New Zealand mail service, by way of San Francisco jointly with that of New South Wales. It is probable, also, that his comprehensive scheme of mercantile settlements among the isles of the Pacific and intercourse with their natives, by the agency of a guaranteed company, to be invested with certain administrative powers under the regulation and control of the Colonial Government, may hereafter be taken up with a prospect of grand results. These undertakings seem to be of considerable importance, and the honour of knighthood (in the Order of St. Michael and St. George) which her Majesty the Queen has been advised to confer upon the Prime Minister of New Zealand amounts to a recognition of their importance, whatever may be the verdict of colonial Parliaments and constituencies, in the day of final account, upon the disputed merits of his financial policy and public conduct at home. Sir Julius Vogel, though born and educated in the Jewish religion, and bearing a German name, is nevertheless an Englishman. His grandfather, and, we believe, his father likewise, were London merchants in the West Indian and South American trade. It was in February, 1835, that he was born in London; so that he is now but forty years of age. He attended, as a boy, the London University School, and next became, at sixteen, a pupil of Dr. Percy in the metallurgical laboratory at the Royal School of Mines, studying more especially the chemical arts of assaying and testing gold and silver. It was then his intention to employ these scientific acquirements in a profitable manner on the gold-fields of Australia which had lately been discovered. He went out to Melbourne, with a high certificate of proficiency, and resided some time in the province of Victoria. At this period, feeling a keen interest in public business, and having both a taste and a talent for controversial literature, Mr. Vogel was induced to become a writer in the local newspapers. He soon became a regular journalist, and was candidate for a seat in the House of Representatives. When the Otago gold-fields, in the South Island of New Zealand, drew large numbers of enterprising Australians thither, Mr. Vogel followed the movement. He settled at Dunedin, bought the copyright of an existing weekly paper, and set up the Otago Daily Times, the first daily paper in New Zealand. Within two years, while editing that journal, he was elected a member of the New Zealand House of Representatives, then meeting at Auckland, to which place, in the North Island, he removed in 1869. He had previously been a member of the Otago Provincial Council, and at one time head of the Provincial Executive. At Auckland, still pursuing his career as a political journalist, Mr. Vogel became proprietor and editor of the Southern Cross. In June, 1869, when Mr. William Fox, of Wellington, one of the oldest and most experienced colonists, undertook to form a Government, Mr. Vogel joined his Ministry, taking the offices, jointly, of Colonial Treasurer, Postmaster - General, and Commissioner of Customs. These he held, in Mr. Fox's Government, till September, 1872, when a political crisis took place, the result of which was that Mr. Vogel, after going out of office with his chief, again became a Minister, holding the same post of Colonial Treasurer, but with the leadership of the Lower House. The Premier was then Mr. Waterhouse, who led in the Upper House—that is to say, the Legislative Council. Mr. Vogel, indeed, has always been the real head of the Colonial Government, which now resides at Wellington. The administration of Mr. Vogel, since 1870, has been extremely bold, to say the least of it, in a financial point of view, and is loudly disapproved by some prudent statesmen in the colony, but does not seem to have yet excited serious alarm. The public debt has been rapidly increased till it now amounts to nineteen millions and a half sterling, bearing an average interest of 5 per cent, which is a heavy burden for a community of 300,000 souls, though inhabiting and possessing a country equal in size to the British islands. We cannot doubt, however, that the New Zealand colonists, who are as shrewd people as those of any other land where the English tongue is spoken, know pretty well how to manage their own affairs. They have been content, up to this time, during five or six years past, to trust the fortunes of their country to this clever political director, Sir Julius Vogel, whose motto seems to be, "Nothing venture, nothing win." He has laid out, in advance, whatever he could raise on the credit of New Zealand and its resources, for the twofold object of furnishing all parts of that colony with the means of internal locomotion and conveyance, and of importing meanwhile from the old country, at the rate of fifty thousand annually, a sufficiency of labourers to cultivate the soil. There can be no question of the utility, the expediency, the remunerative and profitable nature of these operations ; nor is it alleged that there has been any failure to apply for their effectual performance the large amount of money raised by the New Zealand Government. We can but hope that the result will be entirely successful, and will ensure the abiding prosperity of New Zealand. 3.7.1875