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THE SETTLEMENT OF NEW PLYMOUTH. Every accession to our acquaintance with the characteristics of New Zealand tends to increase our admiration of the scenery of this beautiful country. The settlement of New Plymouth, or Taranaki, founded in 1841, affords abundant evidence of this assertion, which we are fortunately enabled to illustrate, by the favour of Major Lloyd, lately returned from New Zealand, and who has favoured us with the accompanying sketches. They represent the town of New Plymouth, with views on the Waitera River, and other favoured localities in the same district; with Portraits of three of the Natives. Our Correspondent adds:—The following extracts from a letter addressed to me by Mr. R. B., of New Plymouth, may, with the accompanying Sketches, prove acceptable to persons interested in New Zealand. Mr. B.'s experience of many years in New Zealand, and thorough knowledge of the country, the natives, and their language, proved most beneficial to me during my late sojourn of six months in New Plymouth, and from this gentleman—indeed, I may say, from all our countrymen in that settlement —new settlers will meet with kind and ready help. New Plymouth, 9th April, 1850. Your sections abound with most beautiful fern-trees, and offer every imaginable tint of foliage to the view: the Tuis (the mocking-bird) and other singing-birds are numerous; and altogether these sections are most picturesque and park-like. The views from them are beyond conception, embracing Tengahoro Pah (native fortification), the Sugar-loaf Islands, the ocean, and the white cliffs of Mimi, distant 40 miles; the mountain range of Patea and Puakai, rising 4500 feet above the level of the sea, Without concealing the graceful and majestic peak of Mount Egmont towering fully as many feet above, Tengahoro Pah overlooks the snow-capped mountain of Tongariro, distant about 100 miles, and an unlimited extent of country. In England such views are never seen, my description, therefore, may appear to be exaggerated: the sketches in your possession give but a faint resemblance of the natural beauties they are intended to portray. The Tapuae block, adjoining the Omata, contains several thousand acres of unchosen land of the most desirable description, is an extremely picturesque country; and beyond that there is a vast extent of fertile level land not yet purchased from the natives, but which, as the country beyond has been already sold by them, will, in all probability, be ere long alienated to the Europeans. I am, as you are aware, as well acquainted with the district and the country down to Wanganui as any resident here, and I confidently assert that that district would, in addition to supporting the present small native population residing on it, graze 100,000 head of cattle, and provide food, for more than a million of human beings. The flax alone growing on it would provide employment for many thousand individuals; in fact, only capital, enterprise, and industry are required to render the district the granary of the Australasian Colonies. I have made these few notes, thinking that my nine years' experience might possibly be useful to you in describing the resources of the New Plymouth Settlement. This is not a California (although, by the by, our millions of tons of ironsand will, I imagine, be turned to account at some future period,when New Plymouth will become the Sheffield or Birmingham of New Zealand. Here, children, far from being a burthen, are a decided advantage; at seven, the boys drive the oxen; at nine, they plough; at twelve, engage in all sorts of farm work; and, at fifteen, take to the axe, and clear the forest. Where every one works, no farm labour is considered degrading, idlers alone are exposed to ridicule, and excite pity. As for domestic servants, parties who Want them must bring married people from England. You will, no doubt, be questioned as to the safety of living amongst the natives. In the most troubled times, we never even had, or required, any other protection than the moral influence of the well-disposed portion over the others. You have seen them work for you and your neighbours—engage in all sorts of farm work, employed as domestic servants. You are aware that hundreds of them can read and write; are shrewd at making a bargain; that they understand the value of a written contract, and are, in fact, less savage than thousands of our own countrymen. You also are aware how truly useful their labour is at present in this settlement; and that, in a very short time, the Omata district will not have a native residing in it unless employed by the European residents. Many persons object to this settlement, because it does not possess a good harbour: they are not aware that the roadstead is a safe one; that vessels are loaded and unladen far quicker than in any port; and that no life has been lost by boating since the first establishment of the settlement. In many other settlements possessing a harbour, people have embarked their capital in the township, to the detriment of the country: here, the former is an inconsiderable village, and the farmer flourishing. Truly yours, (Signed) R— B— To Major Lloyd. To the above, my late sojourn in New Plymouth enables me to add, that families, who will work and keep clear of public houses, may enjoy there a happy home, with plenty of bread and butter, even Devonshire cream. Men, who seek to gratify horrid selfishness, without regard to the future welfare of their children, will be disappointed if they expect all their troubles to cease on landing in New Zealand. No; such persons will make difficulties, whilst the self-denying men will hold the plough without looking back and here I would caution CROFTON PARK, OMATA DISTRICT. VIEW IN CROFTON PARK. VIEW ON WAITERA RIVER.—NORTH BANK. MOKAU RIVER, FORTY MILES NORTH Of NEW PLYMOUTH,