FULLSIZE
page 38  (7 pages)
62to next section

THE AUSTRALIAN COLONIES Messrs. Trübner and Co. publish a statistical return issued by the Government printer of New South Wales, showing the relative positions and aggregate importance of the Australasian colonies at the close of 1880. The most densely populated of these colonies as well as the most important from this point of view of the population, is Victoria, which, with an area of 87,884 square miles, has 850,343 inhabitants; New South Wales with 810,937½ square miles has 720,046 inhabitants; and Tasmania, with only 26,215 square miles has the comparatively large population of 113,615 people. The remaining colonies are South Australia, with 903,690 square miles, and 264,424 inhabitants; Queensland with 369,520 square miles and 221,964 inhabitants; Western Australia, with 1,024,000 square miles, and only 29,019 inhabitants; and New Zealand, with 105,342 square miles, and 474,296 inhabitants. The total population of all the colonies with their enormous extent is only 2,673,707 people or less than that of London alone. It will be seen that the largest in extent are Western Australia and South Australia, which indeed are nearly twice as large as all the rest, including New Zealand, put together. The largest revenue is raised in New South Wales, where it is £4,904,230, as compared with £4,621,282 in Victoria. These two latter colonies, which are by far the most important commercially speaking, run each other very close in the aggregate of their trade. During 1880 the imports and exports of Victoria were valued at £14,556,894 and £15,954,559, and those of New South Wales at £13,950,075 and £15,525,138. 1882